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Andaman & Nicobar: Land of 300 Islands


Andaman and Nicobar Islands, or Andaman Nicobar, is a union territory and a popular beach destination in the Indian Ocean off India’s east coast. Port Blair serves as the territory’s capital. It is also the administrative capital of the region and the largest city in Andaman and Nicobar.

Parts of Andaman and nicobar island

Andaman and Nicobar are divided into three districts: Nicobar (Capital: Car Nicobar), South Andaman (Capital: Port Blair), and North and Middle Andaman (Capital: Mayabunder). This island cluster has evolved into a pleasant tourist destination throughout the years, with stunning beaches, marine life, indigenous culture, and history.

Location of Andaman and nicobar

The Andaman and Nicobar Islands are located in the Indian Ocean, near the confluence of the Bay of Bengal and the Andaman Sea to the west and east, respectively. The 150-kilometre-long Ten Degree Channel separates the Andaman Islands from the Nicobar Islands. The total number of islands here is around 572, with 38 of them being inhabited and the rest being uninhabited or inaccessible.

Weather of Andaman

Due to its location amid the ocean, the region has a typical tropical island environment, with hot and humid weather all year. Summers are scorching, while winters are mild, calm, and windy. As a result, the best months to visit the Andaman and Nicobar Islands are October through March. The islands’ monsoons are extremely heavy, therefore

History Of Andaman and nicobar

The first signs of human life in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands stretch back 2200 years. However, evidence suggests that the native Andamanese people lived around 30,000 years ago, during the Middle Palaeolithic epoch. Many monarchs have come and gone throughout the region. 

History Before becoming the part of india

Before becoming a part of the Indian Republic as a UT in 1956, it passed through the hands of Rajendra Chola of the Chola Empire, the Danish East India Company, Austria, Italy, and lastly the British East India Company.

Tribes of Andaman and nicobar

This area’s ethnic populations are deeply rooted in its history. The native people are divided into six tribal groups: Jarawa, Onge, Shompen, Great Andamanese, Nicobarese, and the Sentinelese. Many decades of colonial occupation on the islands, on the other hand, have shaped the region’s culture and helped to develop the cosmopolitan hub that we see today.

Growth of Andaman and nicobar

Immigrants took advantage of India’s post-independence development activities in the Nicobar Islands, which grew significantly in the mid-twentieth century. By the 1980s, growth had slowed, and by the early twenty-first century, it had slowed to a rate that was about comparable to the rest of India. 

Port Blair

  • Port Blair is the sole major town in the region, with more than a quarter of the population. The rest of the population is dispersed throughout more than 500 tiny communities, the majority of which have populations of less than 500 people.

Major tourist attraction in Andaman and nicobar island

Tourism is a growing sector in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, with dozens of hotels spread around the region. 

The majority of tourists are from the Indian subcontinent. Remains of the British colonial administration, such as the Andaman Cellular Jail (finished in 1906) near Port Blair, where the Indian revolutionary Vinayak Damodar (Vir) Savarkar was detained in the  Popular historical sites from the first half of the twentieth century. The natural environment of the territory, which includes numerous parks, gardens, and sanctuaries, attracts ecotourists and trekkers.

First identify by

The Andaman and Nicobar island groupings. Which are located on the trade routes from India to East Asia, have been known since ancient times. 

The islands were referenced by the Chinese Buddhist monk I-ching in the 7th century, Arab travellers in the 9th century, and Marco Polo (c. 1254–1324). Andaman is most likely derived from the name of Hindu mythology’s monkey god, Hanuman. Nicobar is thought to be derived from the Tamil term nakkavaram, which means “country of the nude.”

First colony of Andaman and nicobar island

In 1789, the British examined the Andaman Islands in search of a location to create a prison colony for British India’s criminals. A colony of this type was founded in 1790, but it was abandoned only a few years later. Concerns about native attacks on shipwrecked crews, as well as the need for a penal colony during the Indian Mutiny (1857–58), pushed the British to return to the Andamans in the mid-nineteenth century. 

Second colony

They established a second penal colony, Port Blair, in 1858. Lord Mayo, Viceroy of India (1869–72), was assassinated by a convict while on a visit to Port Blair in 1872. Meanwhile, the Danish, who had been claimants to the Nicobar Islands. Whose sovereignty had transferred several times since the 17th century.


Therefore, Andaman and Nicobar Islands with palm-fringed beaches with spotless stretches of white sands. An unbroken presence of peace, and crystal clear turquoise waters all around. Andaman is an excellent example of a “Tropical Paradise.”

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